The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
Is authorized by Section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (the Stafford Act), Title 42, United States Code (U.S.C.) 5170c. The key purpose of HMGP is to ensure that the opportunity to take critical mitigation measures to reduce the risk of loss of life and property from future disasters is not lost during the reconstruction process following a disaster. HMGP is available, when authorized under a Presidential major disaster declaration, in the areas of the State or territory requested by the Governor. The amount of HMGP funding available to the Applicant is based upon the total Federal assistance to be provided by FEMA for disaster recovery under the Presidential major disaster declaration. Federally-recognized tribal governments can submit a request for a major disaster declaration within their impacted areas.
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
Program is authorized by Section 203 of the Stafford Act, 42 U.S.C. 5133. The PDM program is designed to assist States, territories, federally-recognized tribes, and local communities in implementing a sustained pre-disaster natural hazard mitigation program to reduce overall risk to the population and structures from future hazard events, while also reducing reliance on Federal funding from future disasters.
The Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
Program is authorized by Section 1366 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended (NFIA), 42 U.S.C. 4104c, with the goal of mitigating flood damaged properties to reduce or eliminate claims under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
Public Assistance/Hazard Mitigation
If your damaged facility is eligible for permanent repairs, you may also be eligible for additional cost- shared assistance under Section 406 of the Stafford Act for cost-effective measures that will prevent future similar damage to your facility. These measures are called hazard mitigation measures. FEMA strongly encourages you to consider hazard mitigation opportunities as a part of the repair and restoration of your facility. Hazard mitigation measures for your project may be proposed by you, FEMA, or the State. While your basic funding will return your facilities to their pre-disaster design, hazard mitigation measures will improve on the pre-disaster design. (Upgrades required to meet applicable codes and standards are part of your basic eligible restoration work, not hazard mitigation measures.)